Most Americans And Canadians With HIV Diagnosed Too Late – Part 1 of 2
Most Americans And Canadians With HIV Diagnosed Too Late. Americans and Canadians infected with HIV are not getting diagnosed shortly enough after exposure, resulting in a potentially damaging delay in lifesaving treatment, a new large study suggests. The observation stems from an analysis involving nearly 45000 HIV-positive patients in both countries, which focused on a key yardstick for exempt system strength – CD4 cell counts – at the time each patient first began treatment. CD4 counts measure the number of “helper” T-cells that are HIV’s preferred target.
Reviewing the participants’ medical records between 1997 and 2007, the band found that throughout the 10-year study period, the average CD4 count at the time of first treatment was below the recommended level that scientists have extended identified as the ideal starting point for medical care. “The public health implications of our findings are clear,” study author Dr Richard Moore, from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, said in a announcement release. “Delayed diagnosis reduces survival, and individuals enter into HIV care with lower CD4 counts than the guidelines for initiating antiretroviral therapy”. A hold-up in getting treatment not only increases the chance that the disease will progress, but boosts the risk of transmission.