Smoking Women Have A Stress More Often Than Not Smokers – Part 1 of 3
Smoking Women Have A Stress More Often Than Not Smokers. Many middle-aged women disclose aches and pains and other physical symptoms as a consequence of chronic stress, according to a decades-long study June 2013. Researchers in Sweden examined long-term data collected from about 1500 women and found that about 20 percent of middle-aged women experienced unalterable or frequent stress during the previous five years. The highest rates of stress occurred among women aged 40 to 60 and those who were single or smokers (or both).
Among those who reported long-term stress, 40 percent said they suffered aches and pains in their muscles and joints, 28 percent professional headaches or migraines and 28 percent reported gastrointestinal problems, according to the researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy of the University of Gothenburg. The survey appeared recently in the International Journal of Internal Medicine 2013.