Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And Type 2 Diabetes – Part 2 of 3
Over the route of the study, more than 3000 of the nurses, or 6 percent, developed type 2 diabetes, which is linked to being overweight and sedentary. Those with the most PTSD symptoms were almost twice as acceptable to develop diabetes as those without PTSD, said study co-author Karestan Koenen, professor of epidemiology at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health in New York City. The on doesn’t prove that PTSD directly causes diabetes, although Koenen said the study’s design allows the researchers to “know that PTSD came before type 2 diabetes”.
Since PTSD disrupts various systems in the body, such as those that succeed stress hormones, “it may be that something about PTSD changes women’s biology and increases risk” of diabetes. Use of antidepressants and higher body weight accounted for almost half the increased risk. “The antidepressant verdict was surprising because as far as we know, no one has shown it before. Much more research needs to be done to determine what the finding means”.
Obesity explains some, but not all, of the relationship. There could be a correlation from PTSD to overeating to diabetes, but he believes the situation is more complex than it sounds. “Many PTSD patients are on the overweight end of the spectrum, and that’s true for both men and women. We don’t be aware this link”. Some factor, perhaps genetic, could make people more prone to both conditions. What about men? “Our findings are consistent with findings for male veterans.